While it is understandable to want to grow potent weed and enjoy massive yield, many producers focus so much on the content of THC or CBD that they do not consider the smell and taste of their cannabis.
The marijuana plant contains more than 100 cannabinoids and hundreds of terpenes. The terpene content of a strain is primarily responsible for the taste and aroma. Like it or not, the smell of your buds will do a lot for the perception of quality, but it should also improve the real experience, and maybe even the power!
The modern grower has many options to choose from in almost all aspects of cannabis cultivation. This includes the tools necessary to create grass with intense aromas such as skunk and diesel, not to mention fruit aromas, sweet and delicious, such as chocolate, pineapple, mango or strawberry.
When you think about it for a moment: what is the first thing you do when deciding what variety of marijuana to buy at a dispensary? For most buyers, it means getting a good smell from the bud to see if it is attractive. Unfortunately, novice marijuana growers often make one of a series of mistakes that prevent their varieties from being as fragrant and delicious as possible.
It’s about terpenes.
Terpenes are undoubtedly the key player to improve the aroma and flavor of the herb. These compounds are found in plants, and you will also notice them in aromatic products such as shower gel and perfumes. In marijuana, terpenes are formed along with cannabinoids in flower trichomes. You must take steps to improve the production of terpenes to increase the smell and taste of your cannabis.
One of the best methods to improve terpene production is to put some stress on your plants. We only recommend continuing if you have previous experience in weed cultivation. If you stress your harvest too much, you will stop production and could even kill your plants! The best time to add stress is about half of the life cycle or more than a couple of weeks before harvest.
It is also important to apply stress for a prolonged period, rather than much at a time. Low-stress training (LST) is ideal, as it is a gentle method. It involves bending or moving the stems with minimal pressure. The goal is to force the plant to grow both outward and upward. When using LST, do not break any branches and do not make physical contact with the shoots.
High-Stress Training (HST) is potentially more effective, but it is also more dangerous for your crop. It involves breaking specific parts of the stems without causing external damage. You also have the option to strategically prune or prune unnecessary blades.
Now that you know a little about terpenes, here are 5 tips that can help your grass smell sensationally.
1) – Use specialized nutrients and supplements
There are probably too many supplements and nutrient options on the market these days. You can reduce things by focusing on products specially designed to improve the taste and smell of marijuana buds.
First, do not use too many nutrients during the flowering stage. Ideally, it will have loaded during the vegetative stage. By the time your crop is blooming, you need specific nutrients, such as those in special “Bloom” products that are low in nitrogen, but high in phosphorus and potassium.
It is easy to fall in love with chemical nutrients. For the record, these are sources of nutrients with names of molecular compounds such as potassium nitrate and ammonium phosphate. To be clear, chemical nutrients are often effective. They can boost vegetative growth and possibly increase potency.
However, experienced producers will tell you that organic works best. It is more likely to have shot with an excellent odor when nutrients naturally break down in the soil. There are some brands that sell organic nutrients, but you can do it yourself by adding amendments such as worm molds, bat guano, and fishmeal on the ground.
Blackstrap molasses has gained loyal followers. Add them to your plants a few weeks before harvest. Molasses provides your crop with minerals, carbohydrates and crucial amino acids that help your herb develop the best possible smell and taste. The ideal dose is half a teaspoon of molasses per gallon of water when the soil is irrigated. It also works well if you use cocoa noir as a culture medium.
In general, it is better to avoid providing your plants with many nutrients after they reach the 6-week mark in the flowering stage. At this point, they are no longer producing stems and leaves, so they don’t need so many nutrients. It is especially important to reduce nitrogen intake. If used too close to the time of harvest, it could be chopped with a crop of an unpleasant chemical taste.
2) Use strong lights with UV-B
Anyone with basic knowledge of marijuana cultivation is aware of the need to be exposed to intense light. When it grows outdoors in a suitable climate, the sun provides the right kind of light (ultraviolet light) necessary for strong and odorous plants.
However, growing outside is not practical for most growers, therefore, they grow indoors. The most common type of lighting is HPS. However, UV-B lighting is optimal for marijuana because it could help increase trichome production and improve the smell of the outbreak. We cannot see ultraviolet light, but it has a profound effect on life.
While UV-B lighting could damage plants, trichomes are likely to protect them analogously to the way humans use sunscreen. If you decide to use UV-B lighting in your plants, be sure to wear protective goggles. There is also UV-A light, but UV-B is better for growing cannabis. In addition to the sun, which is the best possible source of UV light, indoor growing options include LED and CMH / LEC.
Keep in mind that glass blocks a large percentage of UV light, so make sure there is no such barrier between your lights and plants.
3) Use live soil
In the world of marijuana, living soil is often called “super soil.” This type of soil has an active colony of microorganisms designed to help your plants thrive. Basically it is an improved version of the “natural” soil because it includes important supplements and amendments. It seems that weeds grown on living soil have a higher profile of terpenes, which results in buds with an incredible smell, which they also know very well.
Live soil includes a series of organic amendments and is then composted. This process causes the growth of microorganisms in the soil that break down nutrients and feed them directly to the roots of plants. Thanks to these wonderful microorganisms, their function is to water the soil and watch your grass grow! Live soil addresses the plant’s nutrient needs and keeps pH levels under control.
Producers who pursue massive yields may not choose live soil because it results in slower growing plants. These people prefer liquid nutrients, but the complex aroma and flavor of the outbreak are lost.
4) temperature and humidity
Ideally, you will have full control of your crop during the entire growth cycle, but it is especially important once your plants have reached the 6-week mark during the flowering stage. As a reference, indoor growers can force the flowering of their plants by ensuring that they get 12 hours of consecutive complete darkness and 12 hours of continuous light each day.
By week 6 of flowering, the temperature in your growing room should be below 80 degrees Fahrenheit. If you expose your plants to higher temperatures, you may lose some of the aromas in your buds, as they “burn.” This means that you must ensure that your plants are not too close to the powerful growth lights.
In the 6th week of flowering, the terpene content of your bud begins to increase. Ideally, it will reduce the temperature up to 10 degrees at night. It is believed that having cooler nights increases the production of terpenes, and it could also highlight the purple and pink colors in your grass if you have the genetics.
It is also necessary to reduce the relative humidity to 50% or less during the flowering stage. In fact, experts believe it could increase trichome production by reducing HR below 30%. Very dry air stresses your plants and causes them to produce more trichomes.
5) Dry and cure your shoots
Unfortunately, your job is far from over once you have reaped your crop. Proper drying and curing are possibly the most important aspects if you want fragrant buds. Do not make the mistake of drying too fast or your buds will have a powerful mint flavor. It is a long and delicate process, so do not rush!
Maintain the temperature of your drying room at around 60-70 degrees with an RH of around 50%. It could be said that it is better to keep the temperature in the high 60s to help prevent the appearance of mold. You will know that your buds are dry when you can tear them away. If they bend, you must wait a little longer!
The curing process significantly improves the taste and smell of the herb. First, place the sprouts in large mason jars and fill them 80% of the way with your dried sprouts. Close the jars and open them a couple of times a day for the first week or so.
Make a note of the moisture in the jar. You can buy special humid packs that keep moisture at a specific level. If you find that the shoots stick, it means that there is too much moisture in the jar. When this happens, open the bottle for up to an hour. A hygrometer is a worthy investment. Place it in a jar and it will control the humidity for you.
The “golden” number for curing is said to be 62% RH. After a week or so, start opening the jars once every two days. Your buds should heal properly after a month, but the smell and quality are likely to continue to improve if you leave the herb alone for a few months.
Final thoughts: choose the most fragrant variety!
If you follow the above tips, you should be able to make the most of your marijuana. However, what you can do is limited by the genetics of the plant. If you choose a strain that lacks the genes to make buds of great smell, all the care in the world cannot change it. Here are some strains that have the right genetics for fantastic aromas:
- Aurora Indica
- Pineapple Chunk
- Blue Cheese
- Wonder Woman
- Liberty Haze
- Super Lemon Haze
- Alpha Blue
- Death Star
- Cripple Creek Kush
When growing your marijuana, try to avoid making a basic mistake that could cause problems with the smell and taste of your cannabis. We are horrified to learn that some producers (presumably novices) spray a spray to cool the air on or around their plants! When your plants are exposed to such chemicals, they will surely compromise the taste and smell.
Another problem that can occur, especially during flowering or drying, is mold. Be sure to immediately throw away any cannabis that shows signs of either, as they can spread incredibly fast and ruin a crop. Smoking moldy weed can do terrible things to your respiratory system.
Finally, whatever happens, choose a strain of marijuana that can thrive in your growing environment. Consider the kind of taste and smell you want your grass to have and go for it! Do not cut the corners and do not be afraid to spend extra dollars if the end result is going to be amazing.