We have prepared a complete guide to all the varieties of marijuana seeds that we can find in the market.
These are the varieties we are going to talk about:
- Indica (cannabis strains)
- Sativa (cannabis strains)
- White (cannabis strains)
- Haze (cannabis strains)
- Blue (cannabis strains)
For a long time, Indica marijuana has been considered a subspecies of Sativa cannabis. But we cannot categorically affirm that this is true since some schools of thought defend the opposite, that the subspecies is cannabis Sativa and the Indica species.
The reality is that it is not known with certainty which of the two varieties arose first, defining the species and the subspecies. We can deduce, by name, that it was the Sativa that identified the species. However, this circumstance may be due solely to the fact that the Sativas were found and ranked first.
Originally, Indica cannabis comes from Central Asia, the Tibetan plateau and the Indian subcontinent, particularly from the Himalayan and Hindu Kush areas. The arid and inhospitable environment of these places made Cannabis Indica adapt naturally to the environment, thus developing the characteristics that define it: leafy and short stature, wide finger-shaped leaves, dense buds, all of them are ways to conserve water. On the other hand, the Indicas are prone to bloom relatively quickly; This is a natural way to protect against the sudden onset of unusually hard winters.
Qualities: Indica cannabis strain
The natural attributes of Indica cannabis make it an ideal variety to exploit in the living room.
- They are suitable for novice growers and unstable environments due to their rugged and robust nature.
- Its squat shape allows us to have them in small spaces.
- The flowering time of the Indicas is relatively short, about eight weeks usually, this makes them perfect for growers in a hurry to harvest.
- On the other hand, the Indicas also have the habit of forming a central “tail” which, together with what we have just mentioned, makes them easy to handle and suitable for SOG crops.
As in all species, not all Indicas follow the same norm, and there may be variations, but in general, authentic Indicas conform to the letter standard. It is possible that the most authentic Indicas, or at least the most typical, are the Kush varieties, whose roots come from Afghanistan and northern Pakistan, specifically from the Hindu Kush areas.
The aromas of musk, hashish, earthy and spicy are the ones that are most associated with the Indica species for smoking. Indica cannabis buds have more CBD on THC than Sativa cannabis, so when smoking, the sensation is much more narcotic, heavy and sleepy. The old proverb that says “Sativa elevates you and Indica tells you to be adorned” is true.
Through modern techniques of hybridization and genetic improvement, breeders can easily exploit plants to obtain the desired characteristics. Landrace Indicas, or pure varieties, are often used in breeding programs, along with other dominant Indica strains, to create hybrids that convey their short stature and fast flowering qualities.
White Rhino- Green House, Kaia Kush-Green House, OG Kush-Dinafem and Skunk Kush-Seni Seeds are the most popular (or very dominant) Indica varieties.
Cannabis Sativa (cannabis strains)
Cannabis Sativa originates in tropical and equatorial areas of the world, particularly in Africa, Southeast Asia and South and Central America. The characteristics that define cannabis Sativa are the following:
- Christmas tree” style growth pattern
- Tall stature (generally greater than three meters), with long internodal lengths.
- Thin sheets reminiscent of long, light green fingers.
- Multiple production areas of small tight and thin shoots.
These characteristics have been developed by Sativas to adapt to the environment. In humid regions with lots of sunlight, plants compete brutally with each other, so each plant tends to grow tall and safe to avoid being eclipsed.
Sativa varieties take longer to bloom than Indica varieties, sometimes exceeding thirteen weeks. This characteristic arises from an adaptation to the long and tropical growing seasons. Due to their characteristics, Sativas may need a lot of attention in the living room. The size they reach is sometimes a problem, and they may also be thirsty for nutrients, which transforms into incredibly fast growth.
Sativa varieties grow ideally outdoors, in hot climates, with plenty of space where they can stretch their leaves and branches to the fullest. Sudden changes in the environment, especially temperature changes, affect them a lot; However, Sativa cannabis can produce spectacular crops if the ideal conditions are met.
Possibly, growing cannabis Sativa is not as simple or fast as growing Indica varieties, but Sativa has a significant advantage over Indica: the effects. The typical effects of Sativa are not at all sleepy, but rather euphoric and uplifting. Many smokers are exclusively Sativa consumers and can go far to reach that individual state.
The characteristic aromas of the Sativa species that are smoked are clean and fruity with nuances of pine or fresh lemon. In general, the smoke itself is less reliable than that of the Indica species and is also softer for the lungs and throat.
The most exploited Sativa varieties in breeding programs are their flavours and psychoactive qualities. They usually hybridize with Indicas to make their size more manageable for the modern growing room.
Jack Herer Green House, Santa Sativa and Mexican Sativa are some of the pure varieties of Sativa available today.
White (cannabis strains):
The term “white” for cannabis strains is generic and was coined to refer to certain cannabis strains that, in light, appear to glow. The buds of the white cannabis strains, and often the leaves, possess this particular and notorious quality, are covered by thick trichome cobwebs that produce a huge amount of bright THC resin crystals.
White cannabis varieties are very potent because they contain high levels of THC and other cannabinoids, so their seeds are the most sold worldwide. The effects of white cannabis can be very different, from intense and heavy to cheerful and cheerful, but they all have in common that they are always convincing. White Widow is probably the best known of the White cannabis varieties.
This is one of the most popular strains available and is widely used for the genetic improvement of many hybrids, as it passes to the offspring with that characteristic white glow, as is the case with Misty Weed, White Rhino and White Russian.
Anyway, to call yourself white cannabis it is not necessary to have a direct relationship with the White Widow, in fact, other varieties such as Crystal and the winner of the High Times Cup, White Smurf, could be classified as Wite cannabis.
The most popular varieties are White Widow-Green House, Great White Shark-Green House, White Widow-Dinafem and White Lemon-Strain Hunters.